Title IX is a federal civil rights law that is part of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. § 1681 et seq.; 34 C.F.R. Part 106).
The law prohibits sex-based discrimination, including sexual harassment and sexual assault, in education programs that receive federal financial assistance.
Discrimination on the basis of sex (i.e. sex discrimination) may include sexual harassment, gender-based harassment, and other sexual misconduct (including, but not limited to, sexual assault, sexual violence, and sexual abuse).
Title IX states:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.